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    Introduction

    Given the size of Egypt’s technical education and vocational training population, the sector is one of imperative strategic importance, encompassing a large segment of Egypt’s labor force.
    As an alternative to traditional academic learning in Egypt, technical education is a substitute for the Egyptian high school degree Thanweya  A’ama, where students enroll after the completion of their preparatory education and focus on occupational learning. Theme-based academies related to skilled trades, applied sciences, technologies, and other disciplines provide a practical learning experience for students, giving them the opportunity to gain career-oriented work experience.

    Trend

    As a result, and in line with Egypt’s national Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030, the EU in collaboration with the GOE launched TVET Egypt to improve the structure and performance of the TVET system and boost employability to aid in furthering Egypt’s economy.
    Egypt will establish six new technological universities across the country, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
    These include the Technological University of Samanoud in Gharbiya, the Technological University in New Assiut, the Technological University in New Taiba in Luxor, the Technological University in 6th of October City, the Technological University in Burj Al Arab, and the Technological University in East Port Said. While inspecting the Technological University in Alexandria these technological universities will contribute greatly to supplying the internal and external labor market with well-trained qualified graduates.
    Studies have already begun across in the technical universities of New Technological Cairo, the Technological Delta in Quesna, and Beni Suef Technological University. The state seeks a comprehensive renaissance in all governorates, explaining that the new university site is mediated by many governorates which ensures these universities will reach a high number of students.
    These universities will present many academic programs for industries such as metallurgy, wood, engineering and electronics, electricy, spinning and weaving, food, manufacturing, paper and paper products, printing and publishing, chemicals, building materials, ceramics, refractories, and mining.

    Challenge

    In 2019, 700 students enrolled in three newly opened technology universities that are all located near industrial hubs. These universities provide vocational training centered around IT and related topics, and offer students the option of a two-year professional degree or a four year undergraduate degree. This is expected to be the first wave of more technical universities offering a variety of subjects including maintenance, building materials and aquaculture. To date, as many as half of Egypt’s vocational graduates have been unemployed after the completion of their program, largely due to a mismatch of market needs. These new vocational universities will focus on the skills that are highly sought after in the country’s job market.
    The United Nations Development Program’s (UNDP) 2010 Human Development Report highlighted the weaknesses in university education, saying more than 40 percent of employers ranked graduates’ ability to apply their knowledge to work as “poor.”
    The UNDP report said at least 90 percent of Egypt’s unemployed were under 30, saying this was “high by any measure.” Many youth resorted to the informal market indicating the mismatch between education and labor market needs.

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